Vue仿淘宝滑动验证码功能(样式模仿)_莺呼_前端开发者

我们知道验证码的目的 是为了验证到底是人还是机器。

淘宝滑动验证码会采集用户的操作数据,环境数据等等,通过算法加密成一个字符串,提交到服务器分析,判断是不是人工在操作。

我这里写的只是模仿了样式,并没有进行那些复杂的操作,所以并不安全(不能判断人还是机器)。

因为touch事件和mouse事件不同,和获取clientX在移动端和pc端也不同!!!所以分两端

下面有PC端和移动端!!!(2019-03-12更新)

本文基于vue,引入下面组件 可以直接使用

1、实际效果

2、PC端!!! vue组件(下面是一个vue组件,可以引入直接使用)

<template>
  <div class="drag" ref="dragDiv">
    <div class="drag_bg"></div>
    <div class="drag_text">{{confirmWords}}</div>
    <div ref="moveDiv" @mousedown="mousedownFn($event)" :class="{'handler_ok_bg':confirmSuccess}" class="handler handler_bg" style="position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;"></div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data(){
      return {
        beginClientX:0,      /*距离屏幕左端距离*/
        mouseMoveStata:false,   /*触发拖动状态 判断*/
        maxwidth:'',        /*拖动最大宽度,依据滑块宽度算出来的*/
        confirmWords:'拖动滑块验证',  /*滑块文字*/
        confirmSuccess:false      /*验证成功判断*/
      }
    },
    methods: {
      mousedownFn:function (e) {
        if(!this.confirmSuccess){
          e.preventDefault && e.preventDefault();  //阻止文字选中等 浏览器默认事件
          this.mouseMoveStata = true;
          this.beginClientX = e.clientX;
        }
      },    //mousedoen 事件
      successFunction(){
        this.confirmSuccess = true
        this.confirmWords = '验证通过';
        if(window.addEventListener){
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('mousemove',this.mouseMoveFn);
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('mouseup',this.moseUpFn);
        }else {
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('mouseup',()=>{});
        }
        document.getElementsByClassName('drag_text')[0].style.color = '#fff'
        document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = this.maxwidth + 'px';
        document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = this.maxwidth + 'px';
      },        //验证成功函数
      mouseMoveFn(e){
        if(this.mouseMoveStata){
          let width = e.clientX - this.beginClientX;
          if(width>0 && width<=this.maxwidth){
            document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = width + 'px';
            document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = width + 'px';
          }else if(width>this.maxwidth){
            this.successFunction();
          }
        }
      },          //mousemove事件
      moseUpFn(e){
        this.mouseMoveStata = false;
        var width = e.clientX - this.beginClientX;
        if(width<this.maxwidth){
          document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = 0 + 'px';
          document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = 0 + 'px';
        }
      }            //mouseup事件
    },
    mounted(){
      this.maxwidth = this.$refs.dragDiv.clientWidth - this.$refs.moveDiv.clientWidth;
      document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].addEventListener('mousemove',this.mouseMoveFn);
      document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].addEventListener('mouseup',this.moseUpFn)
    }
  }
</script>

<style scoped>
  .drag{
    position: relative;
    background-color: #e8e8e8;
    width: 100%;
    height: 34px;
    line-height: 34px;
    text-align: center;
  }
  .handler{
    width: 40px;
    height: 32px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    cursor: move;
  }
  .handler_bg{
    background: #fff url("data:image/png;base64,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") no-repeat center;
  }
  .handler_ok_bg{
    background: #fff url("data:image/png;base64,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") no-repeat center;
  }
  .drag_bg{
    background-color: #7ac23c;
    height: 34px;
    width: 0px;
  }
  .drag_text{
    position: absolute;
    top: 0px;
    width: 100%;text-align: center;
    -moz-user-select: none;
    -webkit-user-select: none;
    user-select: none;
    -o-user-select:none;
    -ms-user-select:none;
  }
</style>

3、移动端!!! vue组件(下面是一个vue组件,可以引入直接使用)

<template>
  <div class="drag" ref="dragDiv">
    <div class="drag_bg"></div>
    <div class="drag_text">{{confirmWords}}</div>
    <div ref="moveDiv" @touchstart="mousedownFn($event)" :class="{'handler_ok_bg':confirmSuccess}" class="handler handler_bg" style="position: absolute;top: 0px;left: 0px;"></div>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
  export default {
    data(){
      return {
        beginClientX:0,      /*距离屏幕左端距离*/
        mouseMoveStata:false,   /*触发拖动状态 判断*/
        maxwidth:'',        /*拖动最大宽度,依据滑块宽度算出来的*/
        confirmWords:'拖动滑块验证',  /*滑块文字*/
        confirmSuccess:false      /*验证成功判断*/
      }
    },
    methods: {
      mousedownFn:function (e) {
        if(!this.confirmSuccess){
          e.preventDefault && e.preventDefault();  //阻止文字选中等 浏览器默认事件
          this.mouseMoveStata = true;
          this.beginClientX = e.changedTouches[0].clientX;
        }
      },    //mousedoen 事件
      successFunction(){
        this.confirmSuccess = true
        this.confirmWords = '验证通过';
        if(window.addEventListener){
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('touchmove',this.mouseMoveFn);
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('touchend',this.moseUpFn);
        }else {
          document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].removeEventListener('touchend',()=>{});
        }
        document.getElementsByClassName('drag_text')[0].style.color = '#fff'
        document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = this.maxwidth + 'px';
        document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = this.maxwidth + 'px';
      },        //验证成功函数
      mouseMoveFn(e){
        if(this.mouseMoveStata){
          let width = e.changedTouches[0].clientX - this.beginClientX;
          if(width>0 && width<=this.maxwidth){
            document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = width + 'px';
            document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = width + 'px';
          }else if(width>this.maxwidth){
            this.successFunction();
          }
        }
      },          //mousemove事件
      moseUpFn(e){
        this.mouseMoveStata = false;
        var width = e.changedTouches[0].clientX - this.beginClientX;
        if(width<this.maxwidth){
          document.getElementsByClassName('handler')[0].style.left = 0 + 'px';
          document.getElementsByClassName('drag_bg')[0].style.width = 0 + 'px';
        }
      }            //mouseup事件
    },
    mounted(){
      this.maxwidth = this.$refs.dragDiv.clientWidth - this.$refs.moveDiv.clientWidth;
      document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].addEventListener('touchmove',this.mouseMoveFn);
      document.getElementsByTagName('html')[0].addEventListener('touchend',this.moseUpFn)
    }
  }
</script>

<style scoped>
  .drag{
    position: relative;
    background-color: #e8e8e8;
    width: 100%;
    height: 34px;
    line-height: 34px;
    text-align: center;
  }
  .handler{
    width: 40px;
    height: 32px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    cursor: move;
  }
  .handler_bg{
    background: #fff url("data:image/png;base64,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") no-repeat center;
  }
  .handler_ok_bg{
    background: #fff url("data:image/png;base64,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") no-repeat center;
  }
  .drag_bg{
    background-color: #7ac23c;
    height: 34px;
    width: 0px;
  }
  .drag_text{
    position: absolute;
    top: 0px;
    width: 100%;text-align: center;
    -moz-user-select: none;
    -webkit-user-select: none;
    user-select: none;
    -o-user-select:none;
    -ms-user-select:none;
  }
</style>

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的vue仿淘宝滑动验证码功能,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问请给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的。在此也非常感谢大家对前端开发者网站的支持!
如果你觉得本文对你有帮助,欢迎转载,烦请注明出处,谢谢!

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